The Congressional Record
The Congressional Record is a transcript of the proceedings on the floors of the House and Senate. As such, it is the source for floor debates on a bill.
- The CR is published daily as a softcover pamphlet known as the "daily edition." It is separated into two sections - the House section and the Senate section. The pages within each section are numbered separately. A citation to the House section will contain an "H" before the page number: 154 Cong. Rec. H1690. A citation to the Senate section will contain a "S" before the page number: 152 Cong. Rec. S11640. Each CR contains a daily digest. Every two weeks or so, a non-cumulative index to the daily edition. Use the daily digest or the indices to the daily digest to search for a particular piece of legislation or for a subject.
- At the end of each session of Congress, the daily editions of the CR are compiled into a hardbound set called the "permanent edition." In the permanent edition of the CR, the pages are numbered consecutively and there no letter designation: 142 Cong. Rec. 11,352. Use the Index to the permanent edition to search by subject. Use the "History of Bills and Resolutions" table in the Index volumes to by bill number to find the pages on which a debate occurs. As noted above, citations to floor debates in the Congressional Record will also be found in the CIS Legislative History volumes.
The Congressional Record in I.D.Weeks Library
Congressional Floor Debates Online
Congress.gov (free): 104th Congress (1995) to the present.
GPO FDsys (free): Congressional Record (1994 to the present).
Bloomberg Law (log in required): All Legal Content>U.S.Legislative>U.S. Congress>Congressional Record; Historical Congressional Record (1933-present)
Lexis.com (log in required): Federal Legal - U.S.>Find Statutes, Regulations, Administrative Materials and Court Rules>Legislative History Materials>Congressional Record (1985-present)
Lexis Advance (log in required): Source - Congressional Record from 110th Congress (2007) to present.
WestlawNext (log in required): Home>Legislative History>Congressional Record from 99th Congress (1985) to present.